Welcome to our comprehensive FAQ on Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)! Whether you’re a seasoned crypto enthusiast or new to the world of digital currencies, this guide is designed to provide you with a clear and detailed understanding of ICOs and their launch processes.

With the rise of platforms like Telegram becoming popular venues for cryptocurrency launches, it’s more important than ever to be well-informed about the intricacies involved.

In this FAQ, we will cover a range of essential topics, from the basics of what ICOs are and how they work, to more complex aspects like tokenomics, regulatory considerations, and the significance of smart contract audits. Our goal is to equip you with the knowledge needed to navigate the exciting yet complex landscape of ICOs, enabling you to make informed decisions whether you’re looking to participate, invest, or simply learn more about this dynamic sector of the crypto economy. Let’s dive into the world of ICOs and explore together the opportunities and challenges they present.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is for educational purposes only and is not intended as legal or financial advice. Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are highly speculative and involve significant risks, including the potential for complete loss of capital. Laws and regulations regarding ICOs can vary by jurisdiction and are subject to change. We strongly advise you to consult with a qualified professional before participating in any ICO.


What Are The Key Benefits of A Presale for Coin Developers

Benefits of a Presale for Coin Developers

1.Raising Capital: A presale allows developers to raise essential capital before the official launch of the coin. This funding is crucial for covering the initial costs associated with development, marketing, legal compliance, and other operational expenses.
2.Market Validation: By conducting a presale, developers can gauge market interest and validate their project’s concept. Strong presale performance often indicates robust market demand and can attract additional investors and partnerships.
3.Early Adoption and Community Building: Presales help in building an early community of supporters and adopters. These early backers are often incentivized with discounts or bonuses, fostering loyalty and advocacy for the project.
4.Liquidity: The funds raised during a presale provide liquidity, which can be used to support the token’s market, including listing on exchanges and providing initial liquidity for trading.

Uses of Invested Money

1.Development Costs: A significant portion of the funds is allocated to the development of the blockchain platform, smart contracts, applications, and other technical infrastructure. This includes paying developers, designers, and project managers.

2.Marketing and Promotion: Marketing is essential to create awareness and attract more investors. Funds are used for advertising campaigns, partnerships, community engagement, and participation in industry events.

3.Legal and Compliance: Ensuring that the project complies with legal and regulatory requirements can be costly. Funds are used to hire legal experts, conduct necessary audits, and manage compliance with different jurisdictions.

4.Operational Expenses: This includes day-to-day operational costs such as salaries, office expenses, and other administrative costs necessary to keep the project running smoothly.

5.Security: Investing in robust security measures, including audits and bug bounties, to protect the platform from vulnerabilities and cyber threats.

6.Liquidity Provision: Some funds may be reserved to provide liquidity for the token on decentralized and centralized exchanges, ensuring smooth trading and reducing price volatility.
By carefully managing these funds, developers can ensure the long-term success and sustainability of their cryptocurrency project   .

What is the purpose of a coin’s contract address and how does it function in the claim process after an ico?

In the context of cryptocurrencies, a coin’s contract address is a fundamental component, particularly when dealing with tokens on blockchain platforms like Ethereum. Here’s how it functions and its role in the post-ICO (Initial Coin Offering) claim process:

Purpose of a Coin’s Contract Address

  1. Unique Identifier: The contract address serves as a unique identifier for the token on the blockchain. It is similar to how a domain name points to a specific IP address; the contract address points to the specific code that governs the behavior of the token.
  2. Interaction Point: Users and other contracts interact with the token through this address. Whether sending, receiving, or querying for token balance, all these operations are directed towards the contract address.
  3. Code Hosting: The address hosts the smart contract code that defines the rules of the token, such as total supply, transaction rules, and tokenomics. This code executes on the blockchain and is immutable once deployed.

Function in the Claim Process Post-ICO

After an ICO, a coin’s contract address plays a crucial role in the distribution and management of the tokens, particularly in the claim process:

  1. Token Distribution: Investors typically need to interact with the token’s contract address to claim their tokens. This can be done by executing a function within the contract that allows them to withdraw or transfer the allotted tokens to their wallet.
  2. Verification and Security: The contract includes mechanisms to verify that claims are made by rightful owners, often checking against a list of addresses and amounts that were pre-configured during or after the ICO.
  3. Automation: Many contracts are designed to automate the claim process, enabling tokens to be sent automatically to wallet addresses that participated in the ICO once certain conditions are met (like the end of the ICO or achieving a funding goal).

Important Considerations

  • Security Audit: Before interacting with a contract address to claim tokens, it’s crucial to ensure that the contract has been audited by reputable security firms to avoid scams and vulnerabilities.
  • Correct Address: Participants must be extremely careful to interact with the correct contract address. Using a wrong address can lead to loss of funds, as transactions on the blockchain are irreversible.
  • Network Compatibility: Ensure that the wallet and network settings match those required by the token’s contract, such as being on the Ethereum network for an ERC-20 token.

Understanding these aspects can help participants safely and effectively interact with token contracts following an ICO.

Is it normal during presale crypto launches for the devs to remain anonymous?

In the cryptocurrency world, it’s not uncommon for developers of new projects to remain anonymous, especially during presale phases.

This trend can be attributed to various reasons, including the desire for privacy, protection from potential legal issues, and the ethos of decentralization and anonymity that underpins the cryptocurrency space. Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin, is perhaps the most famous example of an anonymous developer.

However, the anonymity of developers can also raise concerns among potential investors regarding transparency, accountability, and the potential for scams. While some legitimate projects are launched by anonymous teams, the lack of identifiable information about the developers can make it difficult for investors to perform due diligence and assess the project’s credibility.

As a result, while developer anonymity is not unusual in crypto presales, it does increase the importance of thorough research and caution on the part of investors. Looking into the project’s technical details, community support, and any available audits or reviews can help mitigate some risks associated with anonymous developers.

Explain this proposed vesting schedule from Retik Finance

Proposed vesting schedule from Retik Finance explained:

  1. Vesting schedule for presale buyers
  2. Total supply 1 billion
  3. Amount in Presale tokens: 400,000,000
  4. Presale percentage of Total Supply: 40%
  5. Unlock % of This Allocation at TGE (Token Generation Event) : 0%
  6. Cliff Period: 1 Week
  7. Vesting Period: 5% every week for 20 weeks (Starting 29th May 2024)
  8. TGE % of Total Supply: 0%


  1. Vesting Schedule for Presale Buyers: This is a plan that shows how and when the tokens bought during a presale (before the public sale) will be given to the buyers. It helps to control how many tokens are available in the market at any given time.
  2. Total Supply = 1 Billion: The cryptocurrency project will create a total of 1 billion tokens. No more than this number will ever exist.
  3. Presale Amount in Tokens = 400,000,000: Out of the total 1 billion tokens, 400 million tokens are set aside for a specific purpose or group (such as investors or team members).
  4. Percentage of Total Supply = 40%: The 400 million tokens represent 40% of the total supply of 1 billion tokens.
  5. Unlock % of This Allocation at TGE = 0%: At the Token Generation Event (TGE), which is when the tokens are officially launched and start to exist, none of these 400 million tokens will be available immediately. They are locked to prevent them from being sold or traded right away.
  6. Cliff Period: 1 Week: There is a waiting period of one week after the TGE during which no tokens are released. After this week, the vesting schedule will start.
  7. Vesting Period: 5% every week for 20 weeks (Starting 29th May 2024): Starting from 29th May 2024, 5% of the 400 million tokens (which equals 20 million tokens) will be released every week to the holders. This release will continue for 20 weeks until all the vested tokens are distributed.
  8. TGE % of Total Supply: 0%: At the time of the TGE, 0% of the total token supply (1 billion tokens) will be made available for immediate use or trading.

In essence, these terms are used to control the distribution of tokens to prevent a massive influx of new tokens into the market all at once, which could decrease the token’s value. The gradual release ensures a more stable market and provides an incentive for initial investors to remain invested in the project.

Investors will be able to claim 100% of their tokens after 20 weeks. Here’s why:

The vesting period described by Retik releases 5% of the tokens each week for 20 weeks. Since there are 400 million tokens allocated to this group, 5% of that is 20 million tokens released each week. It will take 20 weeks (5% each week) for all of these tokens (400 million) to be fully released to the investors.

So, starting from May 29th, 2024, if we add 20 weeks to this date, the investors will have access to all of their tokens by around October 16th, 2024.

What happens after a crypto ico if everybody rushes to sell for profit once the coin is launched?

When a cryptocurrency undergoes an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) and is subsequently launched, a rush by investors to sell their holdings for profit can have several significant effects on the coin and the market. Here are some of the key impacts:

  1. Price Drop: The most immediate effect of a mass sell-off is a sharp decrease in the coin’s price. This is due to the basic economic principle of supply and demand. If there are more sellers than buyers, the price falls.
  2. Volatility Increase: Such a situation can lead to increased volatility in the coin’s price. Sudden drops can trigger panic selling, further exacerbating the volatility.
  3. Investor Confidence: A steep decline in price right after an ICO can erode investor confidence, not just in the coin itself but potentially in the broader cryptocurrency market or other projects launched by the same team.
  4. Liquidity Issues: If everybody tries to sell at once, it could lead to liquidity issues, especially on smaller exchanges or for coins with lower trading volumes. This means sellers may struggle to find buyers at their desired price points, potentially leading to even lower sell prices to attract buyers.
  5. Long-term Impact on Project: For the project behind the ICO, a massive sell-off can have long-term implications. It can affect the team’s ability to raise funds in the future or undermine the project’s credibility and viability.
  6. Regulatory Attention: Dramatic price movements following an ICO can attract regulatory scrutiny. Regulators might investigate the ICO for potential market manipulation, fraud, or violations of securities laws, depending on the jurisdiction.
  7. Impact on Network and Usage: For coins that are not just speculative but also serve a utility within a blockchain ecosystem (like paying for transaction fees or accessing specific services), a crash in value can impact the actual use and adoption of the coin.

It’s important to note that not all ICOs will experience this scenario, and the degree to which these effects manifest can vary widely depending on a multitude of factors including the project’s fundamentals, market conditions, the behavior of institutional investors, and the regulatory environment. Teams often try to mitigate these risks by implementing lock-up periods for pre-sale and team tokens, gradually releasing them into the market to prevent sudden oversupply –  see vesting

What is vesting schedule for crypto?

A vesting schedule for cryptocurrency is a set of rules that determines how and when participants in a crypto project, such as founders, employees, or investors, can access the tokens or coins allocated to them.

It’s a mechanism used to ensure long-term commitment by gradually releasing the cryptocurrency over time, rather than all at once. Here are the key components and types of vesting schedules commonly seen in the crypto world:

  1. Cliff Period: This is an initial period during which no tokens are vested. For example, a one-year cliff means that the participant would not receive any tokens until the end of the first year. After the cliff period, vesting begins according to the predetermined schedule.
  2. Linear Vesting: After any applicable cliff, tokens may vest linearly over a specified period. For example, if a participant is to receive 1,200 tokens over three years following a one-year cliff, they might receive 33.33 tokens per month for 36 months.
  3. Graded Vesting: This involves portions of the total grant vesting at different intervals. For instance, 25% might vest each year over four years.
  4. Immediate Vesting: In some cases, tokens might vest immediately upon certain conditions being met or after a very short period.
  5. Performance-based Vesting: Vesting can also be tied to the achievement of specific goals or milestones, such as the project reaching certain financial or development targets.
  6. Revocable vs. Irrevocable Vesting: Vesting can be revocable, meaning the issuer can cancel the vesting and reclaim the tokens under certain conditions, or irrevocable, where once vested, the tokens are permanently owned by the participant.

Vesting schedules are important in the crypto industry for several reasons:

  • Incentivizing Long-term Engagement: They ensure that those involved have a vested interest in the project’s success over time, not just in its initial stages or during hype periods.
  • Reducing Market Volatility: By preventing large amounts of tokens from being sold all at once, vesting schedules can help stabilize a project’s market price.
  • Building Trust with Investors and Users: Demonstrating commitment to the project’s long-term vision can build credibility and trust.

Each project may design its vesting schedule differently based on its goals, the nature of the project, and the roles of the participants involved.

What does it mean when a coin is launched and liquidity is locked?

It’s a good thing. When a cryptocurrency coin or token is launched and its liquidity is locked, it means that a certain amount of the cryptocurrency, usually along with another asset like Ethereum or Binance Coin, is deposited into a liquidity pool on a decentralized exchange (DEX).

This pool facilitates trading by providing liquidity, which is essential for enabling users to buy and sell the token efficiently without causing significant price fluctuations.

Locking the liquidity refers to the process where these funds are locked up in a smart contract for a predetermined period of time. This is done to ensure that the liquidity cannot be suddenly removed or “rug pulled,” which would drastically affect the token’s price and could result in a loss of trust and value. Locking liquidity is generally seen as a sign of commitment from the developers to maintain a stable and fair trading environment, and it helps build trust among investors and users by reducing the risk of scams.

What is the average time to market for a crypto ico after presale?

The time from presale to market for a cryptocurrency Initial Coin Offering (ICO) can vary widely depending on several factors such as project complexity, regulatory compliance, development progress, marketing strategy, and overall market conditions. Historically, this period could range from a few months to over a year.

However, the trend has been towards shorter periods due to improved blockchain platforms, better understanding of regulatory environments, and the adoption of more streamlined processes for development and launch.

For smaller projects with clear use cases and development roadmaps, the period from presale to market might be relatively short, potentially only a few months. For larger, more complex projects, especially those requiring extensive regulatory compliance or those developing entirely new blockchain infrastructure, the timeline can extend much longer.

It’s also important to note that the landscape for ICOs has evolved significantly, with regulatory scrutiny increasing in many jurisdictions. This has led to a shift towards security token offerings (STOs) and initial exchange offerings (IEOs), which operate under more stringent regulatory frameworks but can benefit from quicker access to market through partnership with existing exchange platforms.

Given the variance in project scope and regulatory requirements, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer. A detailed examination of recent ICOs, or their current equivalents, might provide more specific insights into current trends. If you’re looking for up-to-date information on a specific ICO or the current average across the industry, real-time research would be necessary.

What is vesting for ICO projects?

Vesting in the context of cryptocurrency refers to the process by which someone gradually gains access to certain assets, like cryptocurrency tokens, over a period of time or after specific conditions are met. This is commonly used with employees in startups or investors in a new project to encourage long-term commitment.

Here’s how it typically works:

  1. Scheduled Releases: A specific amount of cryptocurrency is locked up and is released to the person’s wallet gradually. For instance, an employee might be promised 1,000 tokens as part of a compensation package, distributed over four years. This could mean they receive 250 tokens at the end of each year.
  2. Milestones: Sometimes, tokens are released when certain conditions or milestones are met, such as the completion of a project phase or when the company reaches a certain level of revenue.
  3. Smart Contracts: In the crypto world, these agreements are often managed by smart contracts on the blockchain. Smart contracts are programmed to automatically execute the release of tokens according to the agreed schedule or conditions, ensuring the process is transparent and tamper-proof.

Vesting is beneficial because it can help prevent a sudden influx of new tokens on the market from early holders, which could potentially destabilize the token’s value. It also aligns the interests of the token holders with the long-term success of the project or company.

How do you claim a coin using a contract address when your wallet is a Coinbase One wallet with which you used to initially purchase the ICO?

Claiming coins from an ICO using a Coinbase Wallet involves several steps, which are mostly similar to other Ethereum-compatible wallets like MetaMask or Trust Wallet. Here’s a step-by-step guide to claiming your ICO tokens using a Coinbase Wallet:

Step 1: Prepare Your Wallet

  • Ensure Network Compatibility: Make sure your Coinbase Wallet is set to the correct network that the ICO tokens are issued on. If the ICO was conducted on Ethereum, your wallet should be set to the Ethereum network.
  • Check Your Balance: Ensure you have enough ETH (or the relevant cryptocurrency required for transaction fees on the network you are using) to pay for the gas fees associated with claiming your tokens.

Step 2: Access Your Wallet’s DApp Browser

  • Open DApp Browser: Open the Coinbase Wallet on your mobile device. Tap on the four squares at the bottom to access the decentralized application (DApp) browser.
  • Navigate to the ICO’s Claim Page: If the ICO project provides a DApp or a specific website interface for claiming the tokens, enter the URL in the DApp browser. This interface should interact directly with the smart contract.

Step 3: Interact with the ICO Contract

  • Contract Interaction: On the ICO’s claim page or DApp, there might be a function to claim your tokens. You will typically see a button like “Claim Tokens” or similar. Press this when ready.
  • Connect Your Wallet: If not already connected, the page will prompt you to connect your wallet. Choose Coinbase Wallet from the options available and authorize the connection.
  • Verify Information: Ensure that the contract address shown on the DApp matches the official address provided by the ICO to avoid scams.

Step 4: Confirm the Transaction

  • Execute the Claim: After clicking the claim button, you should review the transaction details. It will show the amount of gas required and possibly the amount of tokens you are claiming.
  • Approve the Transaction: Confirm and approve the transaction from your wallet. The tokens should be transferred to your wallet upon successful transaction confirmation.

Step 5: Verify Receipt of Tokens

  • Check Your Wallet: After the transaction is confirmed on the blockchain, check your Coinbase Wallet to see if the tokens have been added to your account.
  • Add Custom Tokens: If the tokens do not automatically show up in your wallet, you may need to add the token manually. Get the custom token contract address from the ICO and use the “Add Token” feature in Coinbase Wallet.

Additional Tips

  • Security Checks: Always double-check URLs, contract addresses, and transaction details to avoid phishing attacks and scams.
  • Gas Fees: Be aware of gas fees, especially during peak times, as they can vary significantly.

By following these steps, you should be able to claim your ICO tokens using the Coinbase Wallet. If you encounter any issues, it’s wise to reach out to the ICO’s support team for help or further instructions.

What does an ico investor need to provide to the contract address to verify their allocation?

When an ICO investor is ready to claim their tokens, the process typically requires certain steps and information for verification. Here’s what an ICO investor generally needs to provide to interact with the contract address for verifying their allocation:

1. Wallet Address

The investor must use the same wallet address that was used during the ICO participation. This address is crucial because the smart contract will have a record of allocations based on the addresses that contributed funds (e.g., Ethereum) during the ICO.

2. Transaction Hash

Sometimes, especially if there is any discrepancy or need for further verification, the investor might need to provide the transaction hash of their contribution. This hash is a unique identifier for the transaction in which they sent funds to the ICO’s collection wallet.

3. Digital Signature

In some cases, particularly when the verification process involves an off-chain component, the investor may need to sign a message or transaction using their private key. This digital signature proves the ownership of the wallet address without exposing the private key.

4. Interaction with the Smart Contract

To claim the tokens, the investor typically needs to interact with the smart contract by calling a specific function such as claimTokens(). This might require:

  • Setting the correct network on their blockchain wallet (e.g., Ethereum Mainnet).
  • Having a small amount of native blockchain currency in the wallet to pay for transaction fees (gas).
  • Using a compatible wallet interface that allows interaction with smart contracts (e.g., MetaMask, Trust Wallet).

5. Personal Information (KYC)

Depending on the regulatory requirements the ICO is adhering to, investors might also need to complete a KYC (Know Your Customer) process. This could involve providing personal information and documentation to verify their identity. This information isn’t typically sent to the contract directly but is processed by a separate KYC service provider.

6. Correct Contract Address and Function Call

Investors must ensure they are interacting with the correct contract address. Additionally, they need to execute the correct function within the contract that has been set up for token distribution or claims. Missteps in either of these could result in failed transactions or loss of funds.

Security Considerations

It’s crucial for investors to verify all information and double-check addresses and contract interactions to avoid scams, phishing attempts, and errors. Engaging with well-audited and transparent projects is key to ensuring security in these transactions.